Metropolitan Museum of Art, Bahram then goes hunting for the last time but mysteriously disappears. According to Professor Chelkowski: Layla’s father forbids contact with Qays and Qays becomes obsessed and starts signing of his love for Layla in public. The Graves of Layla and Majnun. Many later poets have imitated Nizami’s work, even if they could not equal and certainly not surpass it; Persians, Turks, Indians, to name only the most important ones. The earliest extant example of Persian poetry from the area is that of Qatran Tabrizi — who served in the courts of the Shaddadid and Rawadid dynasties.

Layla’s father forbids contact with Qays and Qays becomes obsessed and starts signing of his love for Layla in public. He Persianises [27] the poem by adding several techniques borrowed from the Persian epic tradition, such as the portrayal of characters, the relationship between characters, description of time and setting, etc. Rudolf Gelpke into an English version in collaboration with E. By the end of the 10th century, [17] Persian literature became widespread from the eastern Mediterranean to the banks of the Indus. Jami in his Baharestan mentions that: Seek knowledge, for through knowledge you effect that doors to you be opened and not closed. Nizami wrote his poems in Persian language.

Sassanid king, Bahram Gur is a great favourite in Persian tradition and poetry. Nezami is admired in Persian-speaking lands for his originality and clarity of style, though his love of language for its own sake and of philosophical and scientific learning makes his work difficult for the average reader.

At one time, Persian was a common cultural language of much of the non-Arabic Islamic world.

She died after ” Khosrow and Shirin ” was completed. According to De Gencdvi, Ganja was a city which at that time had predominantly an Iranian gehcevi. Nizami’s work serves as a bizami and a symbol of this tradition, for it unites universality with deep-rooted artistic endeavor, a sense of justice and passion for the arts and sciences with spirituallity and genuine piety. Retrieved February 28, The most famous of Persian epic poets, Firdawsi — has been translated several times.

In pre-Islamic times, it had developed extraordinarily rich and exact means of expression in music, architecture, and daily life as well as in writing, although Iran, its center—or, as the poets believed, its heart—was continually overrun by invading armies and immigrants, this tradition was able to absorb, transform, and ultimately ocercome foreign intrusion.


As the scene of the greatest flowering of the panegyrical qasida, southern Caucasia occupies a prominent place in New Persian literary history.


He who shames not at learning can draw forth pearls from the water, rubies from the rock. How many a dullard, through his being taught, becomes the chief judge of the Seven Climes! Nizami Ganjavi ‘s Layla and Majnun. They are buried side by side and their grave becomes a site of pilgrimage. The obsession becomes so severe that he sees and evaluates everything in terms of Layla; hence his sobriquet “the possessed” Majnun.

Persian culture characteristically flourished in this era when political power was diffused and Persian remained the primary language, Persian civil cervants, merchants were in great haqwinda and rival dynastines continue to vie for the service of Persian poets.

Some may argue that izafe is dropped due to meter constraints but dropping parenthood izafe is very strange and rare.

It is the story of Bahram Vthe Sassanid king, who is born to Yazdegerd after twenty years of childlessness and supplication to Ahura Mazda for a child. Each of these princesses is from the seven different climes traditional Zoroastrian -Islamic division of the Earth and he falls in love with them.

On the other hand, Nizami’s mother was of Kurdish origin, and this might point to Ganja where the Kurdish dynasty of Shaddad ruled down to AH. Studies in Caucasian History.

Xosrov və Şirin (Nizami)

Ali Asghar Seyed-Gohrab June Nezami’s story of Layla and Majnun also provided the namesake for a hit single by Eric Claptonalso called ” Layla “. To some Muslims, Islam was a realization of Alexander’s “koine” a commonwealth where people could live in harmony and in peace gencevvi heart and mind.

The thwarted lovers meet for the last time before their deaths. The verse quoted on p. Contemporary Persian and Classical Persian are the same language, but haqqina since are classified as contemporary.

Nizami wrote his poems in Persian language. However, Persian culture characteristically flourished when political power was diffused rather than centralized, and so Persian remained the primary language, Persian civil servants were in great demand, Persian merchants were successful, and princedoms continued to vie for the service of Persian poets. The Museum of Azerbaijan literature in Baku is named after Nezami. It contains about 6, distichs in length, the story depicts the love of Sassanian Khosrow II Parviz towards his Armenian [46] princess Shirin.


Poets were expected to be well versed in many subjects; but Nezami seems to have been exceptionally so. The evil-natured man keeps faith with none; the erring nature does not fail to err.

Nezami was married three times. Neshat Esfahani Abbas Foroughi Bastami — Once the country is stable, the King searches for the seven princesses and wins them as his brides. Vahshi Bafqi — ‘Orfi Shirazi. Within these broad geographical divisions we then come across certain “literary schools” which reflect regional peculiarities and idiosyncrasies and are identified with smaller entities like provinces or towns.

An evil nature acts consistently: This page was last edited on 27 Januaryat The poet then tells of Alexander’s end and adds an account of the circumstances of the death of each of the seven sages.

Xosrov və Şirin (Nizami) – Vikipediya

The poem is based on the popular Arab legend of ill-starred lovers: Rather they recite poetry to each other from a distance. His nisbah designates him as a native of Ganja Elizavetpol, Kirovabad in Azerbaijan, then still a country with an Iranian population, and he spent the whole of his life in Transcaucasia; the verse in some of his poetic works which makes him a native of the hinterland of Qom is a spurious interpolation.

These features appear in the account, which follows ancient tradition, of his conduct towards the women of the family of Darius, in his brotherly attitude on the death of that ruler, in his behaviour towards queen Nushaba the Kaydaf of Firdawsi, the Kandake of the pseudo-Callisthenes whom he defends against the Russians. To one side, there is a metal statue commemorating Nizami’s epic poems.

Hill Omega Publications and published in Campaign on granting Nizami the status of the hqaqinda poet of Azerbaijan. Persian Wikisource has original text related to this article: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. There are differences of opinion on whether this was Nezami’s last epic or the Haft Paykar.

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